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Emerging mothers, the grandmothers of femicides in Edomex

In Edomex about 600 children have been orphaned by mothers for femicides and disappearances; their grandmothers or aunts meanwhile face the double struggle of demanding justice and raising them


Emerging mothers, the grandmothers of femicides in Edomex

February 7th, 2019

Since Maru became the mother of her granddaughters, every day is a difficult test to circumvent. At 50, just when the forces begin to diminish and youth and energy go less, he has had to start changing diapers again, preparing porridge; make lunches, boil baby's bottles; to sing lullabies at midnight, take children to school and all this in the middle of the duel for the femicide of Nancy, the true mother of her new daughters.

Collateral victim of femicide, along with the two brothers of the 21-year-old girl, disappeared and killed by the so-called “Monstruo de Ecatepec”, this single mother from the east of Edomex, faces the edge of the third age, to the bewilderment of how With your limited income, without a steady job and with diminished health, you can provide your growing family with food, health, education, mobility, and a happy future. How? Maru, still does not find answers and is not the only one.

Although there are no precise figures, not even official, non-governmental organizations, such as the Ehécatl Feminist Collective, estimate that at the end of 2019, the number of orphaned children who have left femicidal violence in the State of Mexico could be around 400, while that a recent report by the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of the entity, reported giving support and toys on the occasion of the holidays, to about 600 children and adolescents, collateral victims of both femicides and disappearance.

The problem is so severe that just to give us an idea, activist Carmen Zamora, estimates that only from the duplo made up of Juan Carlos N and Patricia N, serial homicides that would have dismembered 10 women, there are no less than 12 orphans, to say it without clipper That is why the figures could be monumental and growing every day since according to the National Executive Secretariat of Public Security (SENSP), the State of Mexico reported 122 femicides and 318 manslaughters of women in 2019, which means that 440 women were killed in Edomex in just 12 months. In 2019, according to INEGI, there were another 456. Almost a thousand in two years.

That is why the number of orphaned children and adolescents of a mother and delivered, in the best case, to the care of their grandparents or uncles, is still undefined since there is no reliable register and the registration of victims to which it obliges state law on the matter, it was just beginning to be built, but it is not difficult to imagine that the offended and indirect victims of femicide and even the malicious killings of women, could be thousands in the case of the entity.

As a neighbor of Ecatepec, Maru knew there was a gender alert and that women there, as in ten other Mexican municipalities, were at risk. What he never imagined is that Nancy would be among the missing figures, first, and then killed. A direct death shot for her and her granddaughters and children.

THERE ARE NO GUARANTEES OF THE FUTURE Carmen Zamora Villegas, human rights defender and activist of the Ehécatl Feminist Collective, recognizes that feminism violence is leaving social balances whose medium-term impact on the State of Mexico is still uncertain because dozens of families are being torn apart by disappearances, femicides and murderous murders of women, and with complete generations that will grow to helplessness or broken.

She acknowledged that there is a lack of mechanisms on the part of the State, to ensure that these families are insured and that the children left in the orphanage, can access without limitation sufficient resources for their education, health, and support.

Meanwhile, on January 31, the government of the State of Mexico published the first agreement aimed at repairing the damage, something that establishes the Constitution, but that until now has been a dead letter, in practically the entire country and the Edomex has not It has been the exception.

What happens after the publication of these first official agreements, by the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of the entity, which has estimated the cost of femicide at 434,400 pesos and triple if it happened on public transport, It remains to be seen, as dozens of mothers (for fateful double departure) have been manifesting in different forums, demanding the appearance of their daughters or justice, something difficult to achieve in an entity, where official statistics of impunity are around 93%.

María Magdalena Velarde Tepoz knows what we are talking about. The femicidal crime that has traveled through the Mexican territory for a decade, exterminated his family completely.

First was his daughter Fernanda, whose body appeared lifeless at his home in Cuautitlán Izcalli, on January 4, 2014. The young woman murdered presumably by her partner presented signs of torture and hanging. Already dead they cut her veins, hung up and tried to make her pass as a suicide.

In the search for justice for Fer, Daniel and José Alberto, his brothers of 24 and 20 years, were "raised", disappeared and killed two years later, but not before receiving several threats to stop claiming Fernanda's death. Almost six years after these events, Magdalena does not stop demanding justice, She says that there is simply no progress and the crimes against her three children remain unpunished, while together with her husband, a kitchen assistant who is around 57, seeks to take Go ahead to your new children. A family constituted from three homicides. How? With almost 53 years, Magdalena recognizes that the forces no longer respond to him as before and that in the midst of the permanent duel in which he lives, it is increasingly difficult to deal with the daily life of raising young children. He sleeps and eats little, devotes the day to the work of a mother in fullness, but in his case is in decline, and some hours to activism, because he knows that if it is not her, nobody else will demand justice for her murdered children.

Of his grandchildren-children to say. Although almost all these collateral victims of femicide are small or small, they remember their mothers clearly and not without regret. This is the case of Dr. Jessica's son, killed in 2018 with extreme violence, between the boundaries between Xonacatlán and Naucalpan. Juanita, her mother, recognizes that despite being a “young grandmother”, it is painful for her to take that new motherhood that assaulted her one morning. The hardest thing is not knowing what to say when your grandson asks about his true mother. Despite her young age, she continuously points to Jessica's photo and says out loud "my mommy."

Since she disappeared, the boy, today with almost 3 years, manifests a continuous fear of abandonment. That is why when Juanita moves away or separates from him for more than an hour or two, the child enters an important state of stress because she seems to fear that she disappears just like her mother. Sometimes, if he is far away or delayed, Juana has to find a way to communicate with her little phone and talk to her from where she is to reassure him. Nor has Jessica had access to justice.


The agreements issued by the head of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of the State of Mexico last January 31 stipulate that indirect victims of femicide will receive as "damage reparation" up to 5,000 units of measure (UMAS), which It could mean a payment of up to 434,400 pesos, considering that the UMA for 2020 stood at 86.88 pesos, and up to triple when the crime is committed aboard public transport.

The agreement indicates that if the femicide was committed on board public transport, officials, schoolchildren in service or others, "this amount could be increased up to three times", which will mean in these cases a repair of the damage up to one million 303 thousand 200 pesos.

Although it seems impossible for a woman to lose her life violently aboard a unit, the cases are not few

The operation of the resource of this program will be in charge of the Administrative Support Unit of the Victims Commission, which will be supervised and authorized by the Technical Committee of the Program. This committee must be integrated before next January 15, according to the transitory articles planned.

Two other agreements were issued by the same agency, one to grant “food baskets for the crime of femicide and disappearance” for collateral victims, for which a fund of 9 million 600 thousand pesos was integrated. The agreement issued indicates that this program will be assigned to “victims and offenders of the crime”, that is to say indirect victims. The support consists of 1,500 pesos per month and "will be permanent."

The third program is the so-called Valentina Program "For the care of children and adolescents in situations of orphanhood for the crime of femicide and disappearance", through which support of between two thousand and three thousand pesos per month will be granted, support the development of children and adolescents (up to 17 years and 11 months of age), children of missing or murdered mothers.

This last support, from the Valentina Program, will be assigned to grandparents, uncles or caregivers who are in charge of the minors, however, for this program, only 37 million 200 thousand pesos were allocated and hundreds of children in orphans could be added and more those whose Mothers are missing.

MOTHERS TO THE FORCE The Ehecatl collective, is one of the organizations that for two years, began to claim with more determination, both in forums and seedlings, concrete actions to repair the damage to collateral victims of femicide and disappearance, as well as to push reforms that would attend, the growing wave of orphans who are leaving the "genocide of women" in the State of Mexico, as defined just Wednesday by Lorena Gutierrez, mother of Fatima, the 12-year-old girl, murdered atrociously by three subjects.

Carmen, who heads the group, warns that emerging mothers face one of the worst social scenarios that are being lived in Mexico and in Edomex in particular, since they are women who have crossed the reproductive age in almost all cases and they are forced, by the painful circumstances of femicide, to start over.

They are women who, in the midst of the pain of losing their daughters, either by femicide or disappearance, must assume the upbringing of their grandchildren, so the future of these families is uncertain, she acknowledges, since almost a high percentage of the cases are women with low incomes and living in marginalized colonies, they have no job, some are widows and others have no education.

She revealed that until now (as the fund has already been published but does not yet operate), victims of femicide receive irregular support in some cases consisting of 800 pesos (such as pantries in-kind) or 1,500 pesos for per diem. But for example, how can Maru, with four children now, support them with 1,500 pesos a month? she asks. There are no answers. It is impossible. And even not only that. Few know that for each support that collateral victims of femicide or disappearance receive from the Victim Support Commission, "they must deliver a letter of thanks addressed to the headline." Also, in addition to these letters of thanks, they are required to justify each peso they receive and deliver invoices even for the tickets of the trucks or taxis they take ... This way of revictimizing the bereaved of femicide, which are almost always other women - mothers or sisters - or children, must end, Carmen warns.

For her part, the deputy, Mariana Uribe, one of the most active legislators who pushed from Congress to incorporate for the first time a Special Fund to repair the Damage to Victims of Femicide, warned that femicides in the State of Mexico, have reached a high point, but not only for their number but for the social impact, they are causing in the generations.

She pointed out that it is so serious and numerous, that it is “naturalizing in the State”, derived from the high rates of murdered women they have. The deputy was the promoter of incorporating into the victims' law the term "offended", to ensure that mothers and children of murdered women can access the reparation of the damage.


Translator: Martín Caballero

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