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For many years, indigenous and Afro-descendant communities have been segregated in our country
By: Abigail A. Correa Cisneros
In Mexico, we continue to discriminate. Indigenous people, mestizos, skin color, social status, etc., are reasons for not having access to a better life. It is unacceptable that, due to the color of the skin, the shape of the factions or our purchasing power determine opportunities to have a good job or access to education.
Here, "how they see you, they treat you" continues to prevail because physical appearance continues to be the main cause of discrimination in our country. Indigenous people and people of African descent are the most vulnerable regarding their rights.
Recent studies have shown that these groups still lag behind. For example, being darker skinned means having on average two years less schooling, less income, less access to managerial positions, and less precise to improve the socioeconomic position.
The Mexican government promoted the AfroCenso Mx so that the black population identifies itself as such in the 2020 population census. It is estimated that there are around 1.3 million people of African descent in the country, which is equivalent to one in 100 inhabitants, according to a study released by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi) in 2017.
Afrodescendants are expected to have more access to government programs and public policies with the results of the census. Because it seems that since the colonial era they wanted to be wiped off the map, but there are at least 400 communities in 15 states, concentrating on Guerrero, Oaxaca, and Veracruz.
The 2015 intercensal survey indicated that the percentage of illiteracy in Afro-Mexicans was 8.4 percent, higher than the rest of the population. In addition, fertility in adolescent Afro-Mexican women was also higher, 67.6 percent. With this, we can get an idea of how much remains to be done in Mexico for the people that have remained invisible or are insignificant for some.
The social outbreak that is experienced today in the United States derived from a satiety of injustice, abuse of authority, and that for centuries it continues to be segregated by skin color. But in Mexico, in addition to pointing out the tone we have, we do the same for the social class.
The abuse of power that minorities, especially African-Americans, have been failing to do so must stop in 140 US cities. All this in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has left more than 100,000 dead, and almost 1.8 million infected to date in that country.
On May 25, agent Derek Chauvin of Minneapolis murdered George Floyd, 46, who, for no apparent reason, sometimes went to suffocation, killing him. President Donald Trump lit fires more for his constant statements, expressly against protesters who in some areas are peacefully concentrated and, since then, in others the fury is uncontrollable.
But this scene has been repeated many times, including against children and adolescents who are detained with violent violence by racist police officers. Social networks no longer allow these events to go unnoticed as before. The pieces of evidence are always in view of society, but the government has succeeded, without difficulty, prevailing injustice.
Translator: Martin Caballero